Diagnostic investigation of diseases and injury of the musculoskeletal system by means of MRI has been one of the main specialities of our surgery for over 25 years. We run a total of eight modern high field MRI scanners across five sites, from our dedicated joint scanner and two semi-open high-performance MRI scanners at our Centre for Musculoskeletal Imaging at Heimeranplatz to our 3-Tesla MRI scanner on Lucile-Grahn-Strasse.
Alongside conventional X-ray imaging, our München Zentrum (central Munich) and Prinzregentenplatz facilities are equipped with modern multi-slice CT scanners which create high-resolution X-ray cross sectional images of the skeletal system using computed tomography.
We are also able to offer CT and MR arthrography in specific cases. Best technology and first-rate expertise for your health – you can rely on us.
In order to offer you optimum diagnostics, our experts regularly enhance their knowledge of musculoskeletal imaging by participating in national and international committees and congresses. Locally we maintain close contact with our colleagues in orthopaedics and trauma surgery.
At the beginning of 2016, our surgery was certified in training musculoskeletal experts by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Muskuloskelettale Radiologie (DGMSR – German Society for Musculoskeletal Radiology).
Musculoskeletal imaging is a core area of radiological imaging and is performed by all our physicians. In complex or ambiguous cases, our team of experts for musculoskeletal imaging is always consulted.
In direct arthrography, MRI or sometimes also CT examination of a joint is performed after a contrast agent has been injected into the joint. With the aid of this technology, which is indicated for special issues, primarily structures of the joint capsule and the cartilaginous parts of a joint can be assessed more accurately than in conventional MRI. This technology is used most frequently for the hip joint, the shoulder, and the wrist, sometimes also on the ankle.
The contrast agent is injected into the joint with a thin needle, about as big as one used for blood sampling, under sterile conditions and after local anaesthesia under X-ray control. Afterwards, the actual imaging is performed in the MRI machine.
The following risks are possible but very rare results of joint puncture: infection, bleeding or an allergic reaction to the contrast agent or the local anaesthetic.
Patient information download: MR arthrography
Our Ridlerstrasse location is equipped with a small, very powerful MRI scanner (joint scanner) for examinations of the hand/wrist and foot/ankle. During the examination, the patient sits comfortably next to the machine and only their hand or foot is inside the tunnel of the machine.
Osteoporosis is one of the most frequent diseases in ageing people. During bone metabolism, bone is increasingly lost, bone mass diminishes and the bone microstructure crucial for stability is changed. As a result of this, bone stability decreases, and the risk of bone fracture increases particularly in the spine and the thigh. However, increased bone loss can also occur as a result of medication intake (e.g. cortisone, some medications for breast cancer treatment).
The consequences of a fracture with osteoporosis are often serious and can have a detrimental effect on the quality of life, culminating in care dependency.
Today osteoporosis is a worldwide health problem. The WHO (World Health Organisation) has classified osteoporosis as one of the ten main widespread diseases.
The only way to diagnose osteoporosis at an early stage is to measure bone density. For this purpose, DEXA measurement (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) is usually performed, during which the bone density of the lumbar spine and the femoral neck is measured with very weak X-rays. Because the X-ray radiation is so weak, the 5 to 10 minute examination takes longer than a normal radiograph. DEXA measurement is the standard method for diagnosing and evaluating the progress of osteoporosis recognised and recommended by the WHO and the DVO (German Umbrella Association for Osteology). We offer DEXA measurement at our Sonnenstrasse 17 facility
According to current DVO (Dachverband Osteologie – German Umbrella Association for Osteology) guidelines, bone density measurement is generally recommend as a basic diagnostic tool for women aged 60 and over and for men aged 70 and over. If risk factors such as diabetes mellitus type 1 or rheumatoid arthritis exist or if certain medications are taken, DEXA measurement is recommended for women already after menopause and for men aged 60 and over. For further information about bone density measurement, go to the examinations page > bone density measurement.
Another method for measuring bone density is a QCT examination. This special (quantitative) computed tomography for measuring bone density is performed only in exceptional cases if DEXA measurement is no longer conclusive due to severe degenerative changes in the spine.
For osteoporosis prophylaxis, it is advisable to maintain not only a healthy lifestyle including exercise but also a healthy diet with sufficient intake of calcium and vitamin D3. The specific drug therapy partially depends on the cause of osteoporosis; please consult your attending physician about this.
Control examinations of bone density should not be performed at intervals shorter than one year.